THE TABERNACLE

THE TABERNACLE

  1. Tabernacle
    Message 1 — Introduction
  2. Tabernacle
    Message 2 – The Old and New Covenants
  3. Tabernacle
    Message 3 –Priests and their service
  4. Tabernacle
    Message 4 – Colors in the Tabernacle
  5. Tabernacle
    Message 5 –The Mystery Revealed
  6. Tabernacle
    Message 6 –The Golden Altar
  7. Tabernacle
    Message 7 –The Intercession of Moses
  8. Tabernacle
    Message 8 –The Laver
  9. Tabernacle
    Message 9 – The Candlestick
  10. Tabernacle
    Message 10 –Aaron's Rod that budded
  11. Tabernacle
    Message 11 –A Pot of Manna
  12. Tabernacle
    Message 12 –The Ten Commandments
 
 

1. WHAT IS ‘TABERNACLE’?

The word ‘Tabernacle’ means a portable structure, which
was also called the 'Sanctuary’, where God came and dwelt among Israelites
when they journeyed from Egypt to Canaan. God instructed Moses to build this
‘Sanctuary’ according to His specifications. God decided the measurements
and the elements therein that He may come and dwell therein among His chosen
people, the Israelites. The measurements and the details are specified in

Exodus25:8-10
. According to

Hebrews 9:15
Lord Jesus Christ is the mediator of the New Covenant and
by means of His death for the redemption of the transgressions of those
saints, who believed in “Yahweh”, during Old Testament Period, the promise
of eternal inheritance for them was assured. For the New Testament believers
also the death of Jesus on the cross of Calvary provided the way for
redemption from sin. The sacrifices offered in the Old Testament period were
not enough for them to have redemption from their sins, but those sacrifices
were the assurances of their future redemption through the blood of Lord
Jesus shed for every one. A Testament comes into effect after the death of
the testator. “For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the
death of the testator”. (Hebrews
9:16
)

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2. THE OLD COVENANT AND THE NEW
COVENANT

The first covenant, which was the shadow of the things to
come, was not perfect in itself to secure salvation, but it was similar to a
deposit that could be redeemed later. The perfect redemption from sin is
only through the sacrifice of Jesus who died on behalf of every one. He is
the Salvation and there is no other way to obtain salvation. ”And to Jesus
the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that
speaketh better things than that of Abel” (Hebrews
12:24
)

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3. PRIESTS AND THEIR SERVICE

The duties of priests are detailed in Exodus Chapters 28
and 29. The priest is required to be holy and set apart himself publicly for
the service of God before ministering the people of God. The priests chosen
by God were Aaron and his children, and they were required to perform
ceremonial solemnities to hollow themselves first, and then serve at the
altar. They were required to bring unto the door of the tabernacle one young
bullock, two rams without blemish, unleavened bread, made of wheat flour.

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4. COLORS THAT GOD INSTRUCTED
MOSES TO USE in the Tabernacle

We will also see whether a New Testament believer should
be legalistic to observe any color!
It is not without any significance that God instructed Moses to choose
certain colors for the veils of the Tabernacle, and the robes of the priest.
Pondering over the colors that God chose will reveal to us the importance of
certain colors. God asked Moses to choose ‘blue’, ‘purple’ and ‘scarlet’ for
the veils. The texture of the ten curtains that was to be used of the
Tabernacle was made of ‘fine twined linen’, ‘blue’, ‘purple, and ‘scarlet’.
(Exo.
26:1
)

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5. THE MYSTERY REVEALED

The significance of the four rows of precious metals with
the names of the twelve tribes of Israel written and placed on the
breastplate of Aaron the priest, who enters the Holy place to offer incense
at the Golden Altar, shows us the love of God toward the children of Israel.
These are the children of Israel, whom God never forgets and offered them
the salvation. The Son of God, Jesus Christ came into the world to save the
children of Israel, who were lost, but they rejected Him as Messiah. That
paved the way for the Gentiles to enter into the Holy place of God.

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6. THE GOLDEN ALTAR
(Also called the Altar of Incense)

The description and the measurements of the Golden Altar
and the restrictions in offering strange fire are described in

Exodus 30:1-10
. The sweet spices that God liked were ‘stacte’, ‘onycha’
and ‘galbanum’. These sweet spices with pure frankincense were pleasing to
the LORD. Moses did everything just as God commanded and the golden altar
was set before the ark of the testimony. Priest Zachariah had to perform a
duty in the course of his legal turn a service which was to burn the incense
in the temple of the Lord. There was a multitude of people who stood outside
the temple when he went into the temple to perform the service.

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7. THE INTERCESSION OF MOSES

It was consoling and so comforting to Israel that Moses
chose to intercede on their behalf, because just a little while ago Moses
was very much displeased with them when they made an idol and worshipped it.
When Moses returned from the mount Sinai with two tablets written on them
with the finger of God, the Ten Commandments, he saw Aaron and the children
of Israel had made a calf of gold and were worshipping it. They even went to
the extent of stripping themselves and worshiping the idol in their
nakedness (Exodus
32:25
) Moses was very angry to look at that situation and ordered that
whoever was on the Lord’s side may gather on his side. The sons of Levi
joined him. Moses ordered a great slaughter of their brothers and
companions. The children of Levi obeyed him and there fell three thousand
men. Then Moses asked them to consecrate themselves to the LORD that He may
bless them. On the next morning, Moses said to them that they sinned greatly
and, therefore, he decided to return to the LORD to make atonement for their
sins.

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8. The Laver

< Located between the Bronze Altar and the Golden Altar
was the ‘Laver’. The Bronze Altar was outside the Holy Place while the
Golden Altar was inside the ‘Holy Place’. The priest had to wash his hands
and legs with the water taken out from the laver before entering into the
Holy Place to perform the ceremonial rites related to the ‘Holy Place’ and
the ‘Most Holy Place’. The Bronze Altar was the place where the sacrifices
were offered and the Golden Altar was the place where incense was offered.

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9. Candlestick

The “Candlestick” was made of pure gold that was hammered
out skillfully with its shaft, its branches, its bowls, its knobs, and its
flowers, to stand on one piece. Six branches of lamps; three on either side
of the center piece stood elegantly on one piece above the shaft. The seven
lamps were to be kept burning always never to get extinguished. Moses made
the “lampstand” just as the LORD commanded him to do. “Three bowls made
after the fashion of almonds in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three
bowls made like almonds in another branch, a knop and a flower: so
throughout the six branches going out of the candlestick”. (Exodus
37:19
)

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10. AARON’S ROD THAT BUDDED

Numbers 16 and 17th Chapters give us the details as to how
God chose Aaron for his service. Korah, Dathan, Abiram, the sons of Eliab,
On, and the sons of Reuben challenged Moses and his leadership. They
murmured against God, and cast allegations against Moses saying that he
brought them out from the land of milk and honey, which according to them
was Egypt. It is in Egypt where they served as slaves for several years, yet
they now call that it was a land of milk and honey. God called Canaan as the
land flowing with milk and honey and He was leading them from Egypt to
Canaan with Moses as their leader. But Korah, Dathan, Abiram and sons of
Eliaab, On, and the sons of Reuben alleged that Moses took upper hand and
did not give them any important role in the service of God. They did not
realize that it is the prerogative of God to choose unto Himself those, who,
He thinks are fit for His service and allots to each one according to his
ability and sincerity, their portion of service. Moses was chosen to lead
the children of Israel, and, Aaron, who was older than Moses was appointed
to assist him.

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11. A POT OF MANNA

First let us see what is Manna?
The simplest answer is IT WAS THE HEAVENLY BREAD given to the children of
Israel when they were on their way from Egypt to Canaan. The children of
Israel had sweet water from God at Marah and rest at Elim. After that, they
resumed their journey and reached the wilderness of Sin and murmured against
God that they did not have food. Their murmuring for food was similar to
that of their murmuring at Marah for water. When they felt shortage of food
they remembered the food they had as slaves in Egypt and complained to Moses
that this was a bad situation because even as slaves they had food in Egypt
but now as free men they lacked food. They wished if they had the kind of
food they had as slaves in the Egypt.

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12. THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

The Lord disciplined the children of Israel and gave to
them the commandments and the law, which is known as the ‘Mosaic Covenant’.
God gave the Law and the covenant and this has become the governing factor
for the children of Israel to lead their lives in holy manner pleasing to
Him. It bound the children of Israel under certain laws and revealed their
sin. The result was that they increased in their disobedience resulting in
deaths. These laws were very stringent in nature and hard to follow. The
stringent requirements under law required religious life from the children
of Israel. They were forced to look upon the Lord’s commandments and
ordinances and they tried to lead their lives following the commandments;
yet they found that it was not possible to keep all the Ten Commandments and
they committed sin. The law was taught to them by priests and the atonement
of their sins was by sacrifices that the priests offered at the altar. No
one could ever fulfill all the requirements of the law.

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God Bless!
Leslie John