Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water. (John 4:10)

Leslie M John

“Jesus answered and said unto her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; you would have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water” (John 4:10 — [“thou” is changed to “you”; “knowest” is changed to knew, “wouldst” is changed to would for easy reading])

“Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water” (John 4:10 KJV”)

Pharisees were jealous of Jesus and therefore, they made every endeavor to blame Him, and find fault with Him. When Jesus came to know that Pharisees were jealous of His disciples baptizing more than the number of baptisms John the Baptist did, He left Judea for Galilee instead of causing a reason for dispute and argument. His time to die for the sins of the world had not yet come, and as He was in the beginning of His earthly ministry, He avoided any confrontation with them.

While on His way to Galilee He stopped at a town called Sychar of Samaria. Sychar was near the field of Jacob, who gave the field to his son Joseph. There in that field was Jacob’s well from which people of Sychar fetched water for their needs.

The human nature of Lord Jesus was so evident here that he felt thirsty having travelled quite a long distance. He had two natures when He was on this earth. He was divine and yet human.

“But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men” (Philippians 2:7)

“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14)

Lord Jesus went and sat by the Jacob’s well at Sychar a town of Samaria. It was about the sixth hour of the day in Israel during those days, which corresponds to our mid-day. His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food for them.

Samaria was the capital of Northern Kingdom which was known for its idolatry that caused the LORD to scatter the “House of Israel” from out of the Northern Kingdom into nations. The people in Samaria were brought from Assyria to settle down there in place of the children of Israel who were scattered among nations.

“And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof” (2 Kings 17:24)

The children of Israel, who intermingled with Samaritans, had mixed generations, and thus they became Gentiles. Others, who are called Gentiles, are those who are not the natural children of Jacob.

At the time, when Jesus was thirsty, and was sitting by the Jacob’s well at Sychar, a town of Samaria, a woman from Samaria came to draw water. Seeing the woman who came to fetch for water Jesus said to her “Give me a drink”. Although the Samaritan woman did not recognize that Jesus was the Son of God, yet she recognized that He was a Jew.

It was because Jews had no dealing with Samaritans, she questioned Jesus, who was a Jew, as to how He was asking for a drink from her, who was a Gentile.

Jesus answered and said to her He would have given her living water if she knew who, He was and what it means to have gift of God from Him. She was surprised and said to Him how He could give her living water in the absence of a rope and vessel with Him to draw water from the well, which was very deep. She said to Jesus that Jacob, who gave them the well, not only did he drink water from it but his sons and his livestock as well and then asked Him if He was greater than Jacob, whom she addressed as her “father”.

Then, Jesus said to her that everyone who drinks water from the well such as the one from which she drew water will thirst again; but the water that He would give is the living water, which quenches the spiritual thirst. The living water turns into a spring welling up to eternal life in the one who receives it. The more we dig deep into well the fresher and pure water we get. Similarly, the more we dig deep into the word of God the closer we get to God and know more about Him.

The Samaritan woman was eager to have the living water, thinking that it was normal water that quenches her physical thirst once and for all. Hoping that she does not need to fetch water anymore and to be quenched of her physical thirst once and for all, she said to Lord Jesus “Sir, give me this water, so that I will not be thirsty or have to come here to draw water.”

She was still thinking that living water is similar to the water that we drink. She was thinking in worldly way that she does not need to fetch water from the well and be quenched of her thirst once for all and avoid going to the well for water.

Speaking at the end of the last day of the “feast of tabernacles” Lord Jesus said to the multitudes that if any man thirsts let him to “come” unto Him, and drink. From the belly of the one, who believes in Him, shall flow rivers of living water. Here, He was speaking of being filled with Holy Spirit.

“In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)” (John 7:37-39)

Jesus said to the Samaritan woman to go and call her husband and come back to him. The woman was truthful in saying that she had no husband but she was hiding the fact that she already had five husbands, and the one with whom she was living, was not her husband. Jesus said to her, “You are right in saying, “I have no husband”; for you have had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband. What you have said is true.”

The woman said to the Lord that she perceived that He was a prophet, and continued saying that her forefathers worshipped on that mountain and that Jerusalem was the place to worship. However, Jesus said to her that neither in that mountain nor in Jerusalem that they will worship the Father, but the worship must be rendered to God in Spirit and in Truth. He said:

“You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him”

Jesus said to her that God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. The woman knew that Messiah (who is called Christ) would come, as written in Deut. 18:18.

“I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him” (Deuteronomy 18:18)

This was the problem with not only with Samaritan woman; but also with many Jews. They believe that Messiah (who is called Christ) would come; but they do not acknowledge that Lord Jesus Christ is the Messiah. He is the Messiah; and He is the Lord; who came in flesh and died for our sake in order that we may believe in Him and receive salvation free of cost.

“Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, Of a truth this is the Prophet. Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of Galilee? Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was? So there was a division among the people because of him. And some of them would have taken him; but no man laid hands on him” (John 7:40-44)

Jesus claiming to be the Messiah said to her “I who speak to you am he.” Just as the Lord was speaking to the Samaritan woman, His disciples came back from the town, and were marveled that He was speaking to her, obviously because the Lord was a Jew and she a Gentile. The woman left water pot there and went into town to witness about Jesus. She pursued them to come to the Lord and see if He was Christ. The people from the town went to see the Lord.

In the meanwhile the disciples said to Him to eat the food that they brought from the town; but the Lord said to them “I have food to eat that you do not know about.” They thought Jesus had food from some other source. They could not perceive that Jesus was speaking about His mission, which was to accomplish the work that the Father gave Him. Jesus replied in similar terms to His mother as well, when she and Joseph were searching for Him at Jerusalem.

At another instance, at the marriage of Cana, the Lord said to Mary, “Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come” (John 2:4). He was the seed of the woman who came to crush the seed of the serpent. His mission was to fulfill the desire of the Father and see that man, who rebelled against the Father, and was thrown away into the world filled with sin, is reconciled back to Him.

The Lord Jesus Christ said to the disciples that harvest is ready and that they are sent by Him to reap to the fruit from the spiritual seed that He has laid. From the testimony of the Samaritan woman that the Lord told her all that she ever did, many Samaritans believed in Lord Jesus Christ. Many more believed in Him when He stayed with them for two days at their request and they said to the woman…

“It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is indeed the Savior of the world.”

John writes:

“That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full” (1 John 1:1-4)

Believe in Jesus and receive everlasting life.

“If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us” (1 John 1:8-10)

“That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved” (Romans 10:9)


Apostle Paul explains in Romans 11th Chapter elaborately God’s provisions and His plan for the salvation of Gentiles. He writes that it was not because of Israel’s stumbling or because they were stumbling blocks to any body that their eyes were blinded; that their ears were hard on hearing.

They fell short of understanding Messiah, and believed that they need to do something for their salvation. They always insisted that because God had done some good for them they also need to do some good for God as recompense. They think that they owe to God some obligation.

It is because of their misunderstanding, and rejection of Jesus as their Messiah that salvation is come unto the Gentiles The Gentiles are partakers of the root and fatness of the natural olive tree. Therefore, he says, Gentiles should not be of high-minded, but fear.

The branches of the natural olive tree were broken off by God himself, because of their unbelief, and the Gentiles, who were like wild olive trees have, now, the sap and blessings from the root of the natural olive tree.

If Gentiles were to be high-minded and take pride in themselves or their own merits, God will not hesitate to chastise them. If God did not spare the natural branches of the olive tree would he tolerate the grafted olive tree; never!