Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art priest for ever after the order of Melchisedek. (Psalms 110:4)

 Leslie M John

Abram was called as “Hebrew” for the first in Genesis Chapter 14 which describes his triumph of the four kings who defeated confederacy of five kings and took Lot and his possessions along with other wealth they looted while dealing with the confederation of five kings. The reason for this war was that the confederation of five kings rebelled against the four kings who earlier defeated these five kings and made them to serve them.  

The four kings of east were: Amraphel, Arioch, Chedorlaomer, and Tidal(Genesis 14:1)

The five kings in Sodom and Gomorrah area were: Bera, Birsha, Shinab, Shemeber, and Bela (Genesis 14:2) 

The five kings served the four kings for twelve years and in the thirteenth year they rebelled against those four kings. In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer one of the four kings along others smote the five kings and took spoils of the land where Lot lived and Lot and others as prisoners. (Genesis 14:5-10)

It was at this time that a person came and told Abram, the Hebrew, about the looting of the wealth of the Sodom and Gomorrah and also of taking captive of his brother’s son, Lot and his possessions.  

Abram, who lived in Mamre peacefully and Lot, who lived in Sodom and Gomorrah, with his wealth, did not show interest in either party in these wars, but when Lot and his goods were looted Abram decided to wage war against the four kings to deliver his nephew, Lot and his possessions. Abram had minority of army of trained three hundred and eighteen servants. He boldly went ahead and divided his army into different groups and smote the four kings and their army and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. He brought back his brother’s son Lot and his wealth and also all the goods, and woman and the people.  

Abram’s victory against those kings was great and it was God who helped him to secure the said victory over the mighty armies of four kings. Several times in the scriptures it is be seen that numbers on the side of God do not matter when it comes to waging war with mighty men. Gideon’s victory over Midianites, David’s victory of Goliath and Philistines, and his victory at Ziklag over Amalakites, the fall of Jericho walls are only few examples to quote.

After the war was over there came two kings to meet Abram after his victory. One was king of Sodom and other was king of Salem. King of Sodom offered Abram wealth and King of Salem offered bread and wine to Abram to have communion with him. Abram desired to have only the wealth that was stolen by the four kings and rejected rest of the wealth of this world and preferred to have fellowship with king of Salem. This king of Salem was Melchizedek (spelled in New Testament as “Melchisedec”), about whom there is very little description.. Melchisedec was king of righteousness and king of peace.  

“And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God”.  Genesis 14:18 

Surprisingly there appears one whom Scriptures call as “Melchizedek”, king of Salem, and he was the priest of the most high God. This priest was even before the Levitical priesthood came into existence. Abram paid tithe of all he got from his victory and Melchizedek blessed him. 

There are two views about Melchizedek. One view is that he was Jesus Christ, who appeared to him. Few other times we see Christophany in the Old Testament; that is Lord Jesus Christ appearing in the form of man to help. One of the three men, who visited Abram was, believed to be Lord Jesus Christ (Genesis 18:1).  When Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were thrown into fiery furnace King Nebuchadnezzar saw four persons in the fire. The fourth one was believed to be the Lord Jesus Christ protecting the three men. (Daniel 3:22-25).

Another view is that Melchizedek was a man, a type of Jesus Christ, in whom the anti-type Jesus fulfilled the priesthood. There is no mention about the lineage of Melchizedek in scriptures nor is any detailed description of him.

“And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all”. (Genesis 14:18-20)

 What is interesting here is that Melchizedek brought “bread and wine” to Abram and that reminds us of Lord Jesus Christ who gave to his discples bread and wine before his crucifixion and said to them “do this in remembrance of me”. 

“And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave [it] to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins”.  Matthew 26:26-28

 “And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake [it], and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me”.   Luke 22:19

David prophesied about Jesus and wrote in Psalm 110:4 that Jehovah swore and will not repent of subduing the enemies of Lord Jesus Christ and bringing them to the footstool of Jesus, who was called as a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek”;. (Psalms 110:4). Years later the writer of Hebrews wrote about Melchisedec in Hebrews Chapters 5,6 and 7.

So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. (Hebrews 5:5-6)

 “Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec”. (Hebrews 6:20)

 Aaronic order of priesthood from Levites was not perfect and Jesus became our high priest of the order of Melchisedec and this priesthood is for ever and ever. Lord Jesus Christ is our High Priest and the only mediator between God and men. All the believers in Christ are priesta and have access to the most Holy God rhough Jesus (1 Peter 2:5). 

“For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec”; (Hebrews 7:17)